Aptitude tests are one of the most common ways for employers to assess your ability to carry out specific tasks. They are also used to ascertain how you will react in certain situations, and your overall suitability for a role.
There are a number of different aptitude tests, but they can be broken down into two general types: character and ability. Tests are either carried out online or at specialist assessment centres. Increasingly, candidates will be invited to carry out initial tests online. Successful applicants will then be invited to an assessment centre for additional tests, to ensure their results are accurate and they did not cheat.
Employers use aptitude tests from a range of different suppliers and may focus more heavily on certain tests, such as numerical or mechanical reasoning, depending on the role. Administration and scoring is standardised (and may incorporate negative marking). Following the tests, employers will compare the results across the board and use them to help decide which candidates to progress in the application process.